Panipat district was carved out from the erstwhile Karnal district on 1 November 1989. On 24 July 1991 it was again merged with Karnal district. On 1 January 1992, it again became a separate district. Further, it is said that, before the battle of Mahabharat, Panipat was one of the five villages demanded by Pandavas from Duryodhana.
Panipat has many amazing tourist spots. The eminent old structure in Panipat is a holy place of the Muslim saint Shaikh Sharafuddeen Bu Ali Qalandar. Some other tourist attractions of the city are the battle grounds where three renowned battles of Panipat fought.
The district is divided into two sub-divisions: Panipat and Samalkha, which are further divided into five tehsils: Panipat, Samalkha, Israna, Bapoli and Madlauda. There are four Vidhan Sabha constituencies in this district: Panipat Rural, Panipat City, Israna and Samalkha. All of these are part of Karnal Lok Sabha constituency.
According to the 2011 census, Panipat district has a population of 1,205,437. The district has a population density of 951 inhabitants per square kilometer. Its population growth rate over the decade 2001-2011 was 24.60%. Panipat has a sex ratio of 864 females for every 1000 males and a literacy rate of 75.94%.
Panipat is called the city of weavers, as it produces textiles and carpets. It is the biggest center for quality blankets and carpets in India and has a hand loom weaving industry. Panipat city is the biggest centre of “shoddy yarn” in the World. Blankets prepared through hand looms and power looms are sent to soldiers. The Samalkha subdivision of this district is famous for foundry of agriculture instruments.
The first unit of the thermal power station at Panipat was commissioned on 1 November 1979. Presently it has 8 units and the installation capacity of 1360 MW. Panipat handloom industries are famous across all over the world. It is famous for curtains, bed sheets, blankets and carpets.